The growing severity and effects of concussions continues to appear in the media spotlight. As students gear up for the new school year and the start of fall sports, it’s more important than ever to be prepared. A Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is a disruption to the normal functioning of the brain caused by a head bump, blow, or jolt. Most TBIs that occur are considered mild — known as concussions. Here are some important statistics about concussions:
- Between 1.6 and 3.8 million sports-related concussions occur in the U.S. each year.
- 1 in 5 athletes who play a contact sport will suffer a concussion each year.
- Only 21% of youth concussions happen on the field.
- In a study of nearly 800 high school athletes, 40% of athletes said their coach didn’t know they had a possible concussion.
- From 1990 to 2014, the annual rate of soccer-related concussions per 10,000 children increased by 1,596%.
- Between 2010 and 2015, there was a 71% increase in concussion diagnoses for ages 10 through 19.
- 153 people die in the U.S. every day from TBI injuries.
- 30% of all deaths by injury involve TBI.
- There was an 81% increase of post-concussion syndrome diagnoses across all age groups.
- People aged 10-19 are about five times more likely to be diagnosed with a concussion than all other age groups combined.
- 50% of all concussions go undiagnosed.
- “AANS | Sports-related Head Injury.” AANS | American Association of Neurological Surgeons, www.aans.org/Patients/Neurosurgical-Conditions-and-Treatments/Sports-related-Head-Injury.
- Concussions Facts and Statistics. (2018). Retrieved February 27, 2018, from http://www.upmc.com/Services/sports-medicine/services/concussion/Pages/facts-statistics.aspx
- Langlois, Jean A., et al. “The epidemiology and impact of traumatic brain injury: a brief overview.” The Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, vol. 21, no. 5, Sept. 2006, pp. 375-378.
- Mehta, Shailja. “Reported Concussions in Youth Soccer Soar 1,600 Percent in 25 Years, According to Study.” ABC News, 12 Sept. 2016, abcnews.go.com/Health/reported-concussions-youth-soccer-soar-1600-percent-25/story?id=42030150.
- Rivara FP, Schiff MA, Chrisman SP, Chung SK, Ellenbogen RG, Herring SA. (2014). The effect of coach education on reporting of concussions among high school athletes after passage of a concussion law. Amer J Sports Med, May, 2014, 42(5):1197-1203.
- “The Steep Rise in Concussion Diagnoses in the U.S.” Blue Cross Blue Shield, 27 Sept. 2016, www.bcbs.com/the-health-of-america/reports/steep-rise-concussion-diagnoses-us.
- “TBI: Get the Facts | Concussion | Traumatic Brain Injury | CDC Injury Center.” Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, www.cdc.gov/traumaticbraininjury/get_the_facts.html.